What is a scale?
A scale is just a sequence of notes i.e a group of notes played one after the other.
In the “music as a language” lesson we compared the scale to be like your complete English alphabets A-Z where we can pick letters from to form words and we then realized that notes in music forms the scale and those notes create chords (musical words).
In summary, without the scale you can’t pick notes to form chords, Hence we are going to talk about the first scale to know in music which is the home scale of any music you want to create and this is often referred to as the “Major Scale”.
What is a major scale?
We have been talking about the Major scale for so long and now is your chance to know what it actually means, Like I said before, it’s the Tonic Sol-fa you know already.
Do,Re, Mi, Fa, Sol, La, Ti , Do
The major scale is actually the home scale of the music you want to create and that’s why it’s so important. Your chords and even other types of scale actually originated from this.
Skip this stuff and you won’t be able to comprehend anything anymore in music. So please read over and over till you get it.
Music has formulas for getting stuffs right be it scales or chords, hence we are going to highlight the Major scale formula here.
To get your major scale in any of the 12 keys on the piano, you will have to follow the Major scale formula:
W-W-H-W-W-W-H or T-T-S-T-T-T-S
Where W= whole H= half.
T = tone S= semitone.
That’s what we call major scale formula.
The two formulas are the same if you could remember
T = whole-step movement
S = half-step movement.
To use this formula to get our major scales, we have move in accordance with the intervals the formula decides starting from the name of the key which we are trying to get its corresponding major scale.
To get the C major scale, we start from C…
You can see how we got C major scale using the Major scale formula:
C to D is a Tone
D to E is another Tone
E to F is a Semitone (no skipping of note)
F to G is a Tone (skip G#)
G to A is also a Tone
A to B is a Tone too
B to C is a Semitone (no skipping of note)
All we did was follow this formula T-T-S-T-T-T-S
It’s very easy to get in any key.
If you follow same T-T-S-T-T-T-S procedure in Key B …
It will result in:
I remember I said that we must make an interval movement before saying the respective interval (tone or semitone) hence never make a mistake of saying a Tone or whole- step movement has been made while on the first note of the Major Scale. Imagine your clock system from 1am to 2am is an hour interval and NOT 2hours. Don’t forget that in a hurry.
You can keep on experimenting the Major scales formula on other keys. The Next lesson will highlight the 12 Major Scales.
***Watch Video Tutorial