The Minor Scale


What about Minor scale?

Curious students will always ask this question “if there be a Major scale then what about minor scale?”

If you asked that question then this lesson is specially made for you and take the front seats while others who didn’t ask should remain standing.

What is a minor scale then?

A minor scale is basically a Major scale that starts from the 6th note and ends on the 6th note.

What do we mean by that?
Take a look at the C major scale for example, the C major scale is
C major scale
But if you start from the 6th note “A” and end on that same note “A” again

You have successfully played the “A minor scale”.
Remember that we name our scales most often based on the starting and ending note (root). That’s the major reason we called it the “A” minor scale since it starts and ends on the “A”.
However to get a solid understanding of the minor scale and how it’s formed we will use the formula,
Below image explains the minor scale formula using the “A minor scale” we did earlier

You can see how it tallies with it. Let’s try get another minor scale say F minor for instance.

F natural minor scale = F, G, A, B, C, D, E♭, F
If you compare the notes in the Ab major scale and the F minor scale you will note that they are all the same notes. The only difference is that the F minor scale starts from the 6th note of the Ab major scale.

A Major scale = A, B, C, D, E, F, G, A

F natural minor scale = F, G, A, B, C, D, E♭, F

I personally see the Major scales and minor scales (natural minor) as cousins because they are from the same lineage.

All 12 minor scales and fingering

To start practicing the minor scales, you will need to have the list of all the minor scales with their corresponding fingerings most especially to ensure accuracy and speed in playing them.
Below are all the 12 minor scales

A minor scale: A, B, C, D, E, F, G, A

A#/Bb minor scale: A#, C, C#, D#, F, F#, G#, A# (theoretically correct note is B# instead of C)

B minor scale: B, C#, D, E, F#, G, A, B

C minor scale: C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, Bb, C

C#: C#, D#, E, F#, G#, A, B, C#

D minor scale: D, E, F, G, A, Bb, C, D

D#/Eb minor scale: D#, F, F#, G#, A#, B, C#, D#

E minor scale: E, F#, G, A, B, C, D, E

F minor scale: F, G, Ab, Bb, C, Db, Eb, F

F#: F#, G#, A, B, C#, D, E, F#

G minor scale: G, A, Bb, C, D, Eb, F, G

G#: G#, A#, B, C#, D#, E, F#, G#

Please note also that these all the 12 minor scales based on what we see on the piano virtually/physically.
However, note that deep music theory argues about the minor scales being more than 12 because “Enharmonic” occurrence in Keys like Db and C# which are virtually the same key but technically different as they have different names.
Hence their minor scales are technically different too
C# minor scale: C#, D#, E, F#, G#, A, B, C#
Db minor scale (theoretical key): Db, Eb, E, Gb, A, B, Db

The notes written above are different notes but you are practically pressing same notes on the keyboard. However, they are different in music theory.
Why I raised this up is to make you aware of this just in case you stumble upon a strict music theory website then you won’t be confused because it’s our job here to make you enlightened about the all necessary theories in our course as well as the deep ones you might come across.
However, for our tutorials and most tutorials out there just take both the Major and minor scales as 12 in number.